This summer's Ashes series will see players from England and Australia wearing shirts with their surname and a number on their back of their whites.
The International Cricket Council confirmed the initiative to Press Association Sport as part of a much wider promotional plan around the World Test Championship.
England and Australia's latest battle for the urn begins on August 1 and will mark the beginning of the Test Championship, a nine-team competition set to run until 2021 which – it is hoped – could give added context to the longest format of the game.
Names and numbers on the back of shirts have been a distinction in the limited-overs formats for a number of years, while they were introduced in the County Championship in 2003.
But it will prove a watershed in Test cricket, in which matches have been played in plain cream or white shirts since the inaugural game between England and Australia in 1877.